Low back pain is one of the most common health problems today, and it is estimated that 80% of the population during their lifetime has at least once pain in the lower back or lumbar, lower part of the spine.
Thus, low back pain has become a major public health problem because it is the most common cause of absence from work.
It is known in many names, one of which is known lumbago, and one of the popular is “hexenschuss” or witch stab which talks about the sudden emergence and character of the disease.
What is it?
Spine is anatomically complicated set of vertebrae (of which 7 cervical, 12 thoracic and 5 lumbar mobile), cartilage rings that allow the launch of the vertebrae, and is associated with a number of muscles, nerves, blood vessels and ligaments, forming the main body bearing assembly.
It allows us upright posture, vertebrae arranged in a tube shape shielding canal through which passes the spinal cord and nerve roots of the arms and legs.
Therefore, because of its multiple functions spine is exposed to constant mechanical action of the load (pressure, train, shear, bending, twisting), which can cause overuse.
Some parts of the spine (cervical, thoracic and lumbar) have a different range of motion, from which the neck is extremely mobile, and the breast part is very low mobility.
At the transition between one part of the spine to another usually leads to degenerative changes, which are a source of pain.